Pande, Suruchi October The Gazetteers Dept, Government of Maharashtra first published: Reconstruction of the historical development of Vithoba worship has been much debated.
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There are several theories about the origins and meanings of these names. Ek Mahasamanvay Marathi by R.
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Vithoba is shown standing arms-akimbo on the brick thrown by the devotee Pundalik. The workmanship of the image is earlier than the style of the Yadava —the Anhivad Chalukya — and even the Ajmer Chohans — eras.
This name is generally used in the Pushtimarg sect. All three consorts are regarded as Krishna's in Hindu mythology.
Along with Vithoba and his consorts—Rukmini, Satyabhama and Radha—other Vaishnava deities are worshipped.
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Even though Vithoba is depicted with dark complexion, he is called a "white vitatl. Pandharpur's Vithoba holds a shankha conch in his left hand and a chakra discus or lotus flower in his right, all of which are symbols traditionally associated with Vishnu.
The poet-saints have called him " Para-brahman with a dark complexion". Two distinct traditions revolve around the worship of Vithoba in Maharashtra: This temple is situated near the Kayamkulam market. In this context, Viftal is affectionately called "Bhu- Vaikuntha " the place of residence of Vishnu on earth by devotees.
Later, on meeting sage Kukkuta, Pundalik underwent a transformation and devoted his life to the service of his aged parents. Living Traditions in Contemporary Contexts: The devotee Pundalik, thrower vithal the brick see Legend belowis a major character in the legends of Vithoba.
Offended, Rukmini left Krishna and went to the forest of Dandivana near Pandharpur.
He is generally considered a manifestation of the god Vishnu or his avatarKrishna. Cited in Sand p. The historiography of Vithoba and his cult is an area of continuing debate, even regarding his name.
This temple is believed to be constructed in the early 18th century with the help of the King of Kayamkulam. Krishna stood on the brick and waited for Pundalik.
In Tamil Nadu, Vitthala shrines are found in SrirangamVittalapuram near thiruporur and in Tirunelveli districtand ThennangurGovindapuram near Kumbakonam and sculptures are also found in Kanchi. Ranade, Ramchandra Dattatraya The god Gopala -Krishna, a form of Vishnu, comes from Govardhana as a cowherd, accompanied by his grazing cows, to meet Pundarika.
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This proposal is consistent with contemporary remnants of Shaiva worship in the town. The vitttal in Ashadha and Kartik continue until the full-moon in those months, concluding with torchlight processions.
The most important festivals of Vithoba are held on Shayani Ekadashi in the month of Ashadhaand Prabodhini Ekadashi in the month of Kartik. Krishna comes to Pandharpur and makes Himself at Home".
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The Varkari poet-saints are known for their unique genre of devotional lyric, the abhangdedicated to Vithoba and composed in Marathi. The deity was subsequently named as Vitthala, a derivative of Bhajns, by the builder-king. Later, with the increasing popularity of Vithoba's cult, this was also transferred to Vithoba.
Form of Vishnu or Krishna. Rao, Mysore Venkata Krishna Today, the temple stands without a central image,   though between andmost important transactions, which would have been carried out previously in the presence of the original state deity Virupaksha a form of Shivawere issued in presence of the central image of Vitthala.