Although this is a considerably less common name, it clearly refers to its strong usage in the dhrupad tradition. There is no connection between the chowtal of India and the chowtal found in Trinidad and Tobago. There seems to be some disagreement as to the vibhag arrangement. Chautal tends to be played in the medium tempos only. According to this school, the vibhags are clap , wave , clap , wave , clap, clap.
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It is very normal for pakhawaj players to freely improvise in the middle of accompaniment. Chautal has 12 matras. Many suggest that the term chauhal should be used instead of "theka" as an indication of this fundamental conceptual difference.
Furthermore, there are difficulties when we speak of the theka. One almost never hears extremely fast ati-drut or extremely slow vilambit perfomances.
There is another school which suggests that the structure of Chautal is the same as Ektal. There is not the pressure to constantly play a simple "theka". Film Songs in Chautal.
One should also bear in mind that the term "chowtal" is used in the Caribbean for a style of song. There seems to be some disagreement as to the vibhag arrangement.
Taal:-Chautal 12 beats ताल:-चौताल(12 मात्रा)
The Time in Indian Music. It is performed in a very heavy, powerful manner which is in sharp contrast to the more delicate style of the tabla. There is no connection between the chowtal of India and the chowtal found in Trinidad and Chsutal.
The fact that there is not really a "theka"but instead a "thapi" has tremendous practical importance. One school of thought contends that it consists of four vibhags of 4, 4, 2, and 2 matras respectively.
Indian Music - Chautal
Chautal is strongly linked to the pakhawaj tradition; this has profound practical and theoretical implications. Chautalvariously referred to as Chartal, Chowtaland even occasionally as Dhrupad talwas a chzutal common tal in the past. This is the version that is shown below. For comments, corrections, and suggestions, kindly contact David Courtney at david chandrakantha.
But this is the only thing that we can say with absolute certainty about its structure. A few musicians refer to this tal as Dhrupad tal.
Tala 5, Ada Chautal, Dhammar, Tilvada, Jat - Toss Levy
This constant free improvisation may be at times disorienting to the modern concert goer who is used to the theka for the accompaniment of kheyaldadrathumri and other contemporary classical forms. Therefore, it would be viewed as six vibhags of two matras each.
Although this is a considerably less common name, it clearly refers to its strong usage in the dhrupad chajtal. The names Chautal, Chowtaland Chartal all mean "four claps"; this is a reference to the four claps of its vibhag structure. According to this school, Chautal has only tal and no waves of the hand. Therefore, each of the four claps corresponds to a vibhag. According to this school, the vibhags are clapwaveclapwaveclap, clap.
Chautal tends to be played in the medium tempos only.